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Materials define the surface appearance of an object, affecting how it interacts with light and its visual aspects, such as shininess, roughness, and transparency. It connects the texture and mesh of an object, specifying details on where the texture goes on the mesh and how it interacts with varied lighting and effects.

Editing materials

  1. Open the material editing window by clicking the Edit button of the Material property.


  2. In the window, configure the following settings for your material:

    Property Description
    Name The name of your material
    Render face The sides of geometry to render: Front, Back, or Both
    Surface type The type of finish that a surface has. It affects how light interacts with and gets reflected by the surface.
    • Opaque: Simulates a completely solid surface
    • Transparent: Simulates a completely translucent surface
    PBR workflow Uses the Physically Based Rendering (PBR) method of rendering that takes into account physical properties of materials:
    • Metallic: Makes a material metallic. The base color controls the color of the specular reflection and most light reflects as specular reflections.
    • Specular: Makes material have specular reflections that are the same color as the incoming light and barely reflect when looking at the surface face-on.
    Texture maps Images that are applied to a surface in order to add detail, color, or other effects.
    • For the Metallic workflow:
      • Base color: The color of the specular reflection
      • Metalness: The metallic level of the material
      • Roughness: The rough level of the material
      For the Specular workflow:
      • Albedo: The color of a surface as it reflects sunlight
      • Specular: The color of the specular reflection
      • Glossiness: The glossy level of the material
    Other maps Additional textures overlaid on top of the primary textures
    • Ambient Occlusion: Approximates the effects of light interacting with objects in close proximity, adding shadow and depth to create more realistic lighting
    • Normal: Simulates high-resolution surface detail on low-resolution textures, such as bumps and scratches
    Fit Determines how to apply an image over an object, either tiling or stretching to fit it.
    • Tile: Replicates the image multiple times to fit
    • Stretch: Stretches or compresses the image to fit
    Tiling Only available when the fit method is set to Stretch. It determines how often the textures repeat across the x- and y-axes.
    Offset Only available when the fit method is set to Stretch. It shifts the image from its original position across the x- and y-axes to create a staggered or off-center effect.


  3. Preview your material by clicking the rotate camera icon rotate-camera. Then click Save to apply all your material settings.


  • To upload textures, read Image Importer.

  • To learn about the Appearance component, which allows you to edit materials, read Appearance.